Samurai

Korean Joseon Soldier VS Japanese Samurai

Korean drama Yi Sun Shin
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Are there samurai in Korean culture?
“The following are some extracts from Korean official history books or books written by Westerners who visited the country BEFORE the Japanese annexation.

“Corea has no samurai. She lacks what Japan always had – a cultured body of men, superbly trained in both mind and body, the soldier and scholar in one, who held to a high ideal of loyalty, patriotism, and sacrifice for country,” according to “Corea the Hermit Nation,” written by a US orientalist, William Griffis.

“Common soldiers hardly ever war swords. Only officers and mandarins of a higher rank are armed with such of Japanese make, but they are all old and rusty. It is more like that these also were brought into the country by the Japanese, and were left behind on their withdrawal,” according to “A Forbidden Land” by Ornst Oppert.

Korean Sword Martial Arts:

1) Wubei Zhi (武備志)

Wubei Zhi is a Chinese book on strategy during the Ming Dynasty (1368 -1644), which was compiled by a Chinese, Mao Yuanyi, in 1621. The reason for the compilation arose from the failure in the Imjin War (1592 -1597) in which the Chinese soldiers were unable to fight equally against the Japanese samurai with their swords.

At the beginning of the book, the author, Mao Yuanyi, wrote “Our swords are shorter and weaker than the Japanese ones,” and that “our Tang Dynasty’s sword martial art were lost in China, but one dilettante found it is remaining in the Korea as Joseon Saebeop.”

2) Muyedobotongji (武芸図譜通志, 무예도보통지)

Muyedobotongji was only written at the end of 18th century in Joseon. But despite what Wubei Zhi says, the book says at the beginning “the ONLY martial art in Korea is archery (止弓矢一技),” and by refering to the Imjin War like Wubei Zhi, it was compiled with with an aim of CREATING a NEW sword matial art by combining Chinese and Japanese sword martial arts. This is the true character of “本国剣,” or what Koreans call “traditional Korean sword art.”

So, even if the Korean sword art did exist, it was Chinese of the Tang Dynasty, and Korea’s “traditonal” sword art, 本国剣, is a combination of Chinese and Japanese sword martial arts.”

ttps ://www. quora .com/
Are-there-samurai-in-Korean-culture

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